Was Jesus’ First Sermon on the Plain or on the Mount?
Matthew 5:1 And seeing the multitudes, he went up into a mountain: and when he was set, his disciples came unto him:
Luke 6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases;
In both Mathew and Luke we see an account of a sermon given by Jesus that appears to be the same sermon. According to Mathew 5:1 Jesus went up into a mountain, but Luke 6:17 we see that he came down and stood in the plain. Is this a bonafide Bible contradiction?
One Possible Solution: the Meaning of the word Plain
The Greek words that are often translated as “plain” are “tópou pedinoú” and mean a level place. Some translations even translate these words as a level place. It’s possible that Jesus gave this sermon from a level place from the mountain.
The Most Likely Solution: These Are Two Different Sermons
What preacher doesn’t have a sermon he’s preached more than once? Just because both sermons sound similar doesn’t mean they were one and the same. This would also explain why Mathew says “he went up” whereas Luke says “he came down”.