Who is Micah?
Micah was a man who lived about 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem. The book of Micah was written by the prophet Micah somewhere between 696-642 B.C. Micah was a contemporary to both Isaiah and Hosea. He starts out his book by telling his readers that he prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah. God speaks through the prophet Micah and foretells of the coming judgment on both the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah.
The poetic book of Micah is written almost like a court case in which God Himself is making the case for the coming judgment on Israel and Judah.
Outline of the book of Micah
1:1-2:13 – Speak about the fact that God is coming in judgment on the people of Judah and Israel.
3:1-12- God condemns the leadership of Israel.
4:1-5:15 – God reveals His redemptive nature and how those who turn to Him will not be turned away.
6:1-7:6 – God explains what He expects from His people and why He must punish His people.
7:7-20 – God speaks about salvation Israel’s hope for redemption.
Notable prophesies of Micah
Micah predicts the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem and that He would have an attribute of God, namely that He is an everlasting being.
Mic 5:2 But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting.
Micah predicts that the Babylonians would be taken captive to Babylon long before the Babylonians were a world power.
Mic 4:10 Be in pain, and labour to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thine enemies.
Jeremiah quotes Micah while living out Micah’s prophesies
Jer 26:18 Micah the Morasthite prophesied in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and spake to all the people of Judah, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Zion shall be plowed like a field, and Jerusalem shall become heaps, and the mountain of the house as the high places of a forest.
That’s pretty much it. Micah is a book speaking to the people of the Norther and Southern kingdoms about their sin and the coming judgment of God.